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儿童药物热有哪些症状

2020-08-01 17:46:53 来源: 佰佰安全网 921人阅读
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“儿童药物热有哪些症状”,很多人都关心这个问题,接下来就跟随佰佰安全网一起来详细了解下这方面的知识吧。

儿童药物热有哪些症状

不是所有药物都会引发药物热,相同的药物也有可能引发不同宝宝发生药物热,这和宝宝的个体差异、对不同药物的身体耐受性等等都有关系。而有些药物,因其中含有易致热成分,因此家长在给宝宝服药时,不仅要知道药品的商品名,更要了解药品当中的主要有效成分。那么儿童药物热有哪些症状呢?

药物热常伴药疹,也有不伴药疹的单纯性药热。药物热表现有恶寒(或寒战)发热,热型有弛张热、稽留热或微热。还可伴有周身不适、头痛、肌肉疼痛、关节痛、淋巴结肿痛和消化系症状等,继而出现皮疹、血管神经性水肿等。皮疹呈多形性对称性分布,并往往伴有瘙痒或烧灼感。

皮疹类型有猩红热样红斑、荨麻疹及麻疹样红斑、固定性红斑等。严重的药疹可表现为剥脱性皮炎。皮疹严重者,停药后热度可持续较长时间。

药物热病因病理

药物热是在治疗疾病使用药物的过程中因药物导致的发热。关于药物引起发热的原因相关说法有多种,但多数专家认为是药物过敏,是药物引起的特异反应。

药物热通常在服药6~10天后发生,最短者为1小时,最长为25天。能引起药物热的药物有多种,近年来,尤其是使用抗生素引起的药物热时有发生。有人统计,其中常见的有鲁米那、解热镇痛药、磺胺类、奎宁,抗生素有青霉素、氨苄青霉素、链霉素、氯霉素、先锋霉素、万古霉素、灰黄霉素等。

佰佰安全网小编为大家整理的关于儿童药物热有哪些症状的常识都了解了吧,另外本网还有很多关于儿童疾病方面的知识,感兴趣的可以继续关注,让孩子可以健康的成长。


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